In October 2020, Chrisbert Consult (U) Ltd was hired by Teso Initiative for Peace to conduct an End of Project Evaluation for Teso Livelihoods Support (TELIS) Project in Soroti District.
Background to the evaluation:
The Teso sub-region found in North-Eastern Uganda is a food stressed sub-region and until 2017 the third poorest region in Uganda after West Nile and Karamoja regions, respectively. Indeed, the Uganda Statistical Abstract (UBOS, 2019) indicates that the incidence of poverty was highest in the Eastern region in 2016/17 with 35.7% of the households in the sub-region living in poverty replacing the Northern region which had consistently lagged behind all the other regions in prior surveys. Monthly household expenditure level was documented to be dismal (UGX 221,400) in the rural areas and better in the urban areas (UGX294, 200). These are attributed to the exceptionally low agricultural productivity with the yield gaps of major traditional staple crops ranging from 30-85% due to the use of traditional subsistence soil management and rising population numbers amidst the ever-shrinking farmable land (averaging 03 acres per household). In addition, a handful of households have non-farm businesses because they lack both entrepreneurship skills and access to business capital.
Teso sub-region is equally under the threat of climate change with high variations in temperature, rainfall, wind and length of seasons. In 2016, rainfall was characterized by hailstorms, floods, and water logging followed by prolonged dry spells. This often causes poor crop germination and growth, high incidences of pests and diseases, high post-harvest losses and low or no yields.
It is for the above deprivations that the Teso Livelihoods Support project (TELIS project) was conceived to address the high food insecurity and low incomes and savings in Soroti district by organizing small holder farmers to promote climate adapted and agro-ecological smart agricultural practices. The goal of the project was to contribute to increase in food security and income of 1,600 small holder farmers in Gweri and Kamuda sub-counties in Soroti district. This goal was pursued through the organization, training and supply of agricultural inputs to 1,600 small holder farmers.
The evaluation was essentially a cross sectional study that largely used both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. These included: i) a household survey with Clan Investment Unit [CIU] small holder farmers, ii) Key Informant Interviews [KIIs]) with district/sub county leaders and some members of the project implementation team iii) Focus Group Discussions [FGDs] with project beneficiaries and Non-Project beneficiaries and iv) document review of project documents. The units of analysis included; randomly sampled 360 Clan Investment Unit [CIU] member households and a total of 100 CIU and non-CIU members who participated in FGDs. Besides, the evaluation engaged 04 purposively sampled experts in KIIs and 04 other individuals that gave us their experiences of the project through Significant Change Story (SCS) narrations.
We wrote a report to the satisfaction of the client and the funders of the project, disseminated the findings in Soroti and incorporated the feedback to enrich the final report that can be located at this link.